PLUCKED STRING INSTRUMENTS
The Pipa, also the Lute, resembles the Spanish guitar in some ways, with long finger-nails being cultivated to pluck the strings. With its characteristic pear shape and four gut strings, the Guqin many techniques and uses have developed, to the point where it may be considered a characteristic of Chinese music.
The Guqin, a seven-stringed zither, is the oldest Chinese string instrument with 3000 years of history. In Imperial China, a well-educated scholar was expected to be skilled in four arts: qin, qi, shu, and hua; in other words, the guqin, chess, calligraphy, and painting . Since the Guqin has historically been viewed as the symbol of Chinese high culture, today only less than three hundred people in China can play it. It is a rarity today.
This looks like a smaller version of the pipa and sounds like a mandolin.
Also known as the moon guitar, it comes in a variety of different sizes and pitches, and is fitted with four strings.
Coming in a variety of sizes, the Yangqin is a dulcimer played with bamboo mallets. The metallic tone resembles the harpsichord, and the concert model has four octaves.
Also known as the Zheng, this is the Chinese zither. Sizes vary fron 13 to 17 strings and has a range exceeding three octaves tuned to the pentatonic scale.