The Bulang population totals 87,500. They live in close communities at 4500 to 7000 feet above sea level in the mountains of Menghai County in Xishuangbanna and Bulang Mountain. Their area is famous for Pu"er Tea. They call themselves Bulang, which means people living in mountains.
The Bulang have their own spoken language, but use the Han and the Dai language for their writing system. They believe in a primitive religion similar to the Dai.
In the Bulang mountain region of Menghai County, certain matriarchal customs are still in evidence. After the wedding ceremony, the bridegroom stays with the bride"s family for three years. After three years, when the newlyweds have their own children, the husband can take his wife back to his own house.
Both men and women are fond of dying their teeth, drinking wine, smoking and chewing betel nuts.
The Wa, Deang and Bulgang seem to be closely related in terms of lifestyles and customs perhaps even sharing common ancestors in the Pu. Their villages are usually in dense forests and bamboo groves in the mountains. Their bamboo houses are built on stilts. They all like sour and hot food and strong tea. Women wear close-fitting jackets and sarongs and like wearing rattan hoops around their waists and calves.