Official Chinese Holidays 3
National Day (October 1)
It is the anniversary of the founding of the People"s Republic of China in 1949 in the wake of routing the Nationalists who have since taken refuge in Taiwan. There used to be grand parades squares of major cities of the country. Now celebrations usually take the form of parties in amusement parks by day and fire-works and grand TV ensembles during the evening. Employees enjoy two paid days-off. It is also a good occasion for many people to take a short excursion to enjoy the beauty of the golden Fall.
( 7) Chinese Traditional Festivals
If you would like to take a broad view of the traditional Chinese festivals, please refer to the article "A Brief Account of Traditional Chinese Festival Customs" by Mr. Zhang Zhiyuan. The calendar the Chinese traditional holidays follow is of a unique lunar-solar system. Therefore, 1st of the 1st month referred here does not necessarily mean January 1.
Spring Festival (The Chinese New Year) (1st of the 1st month)
The biggest and most celebrated festival in China and part of East and South East Asia.
Lantern Festival (15th of the 1st month)
Lantern exhibits, lion and dragon dances, and eating Tang Yuan (ball-shaped boiled sweet rice dumplings with delicious stuffings.) feature this day. It is very much celebrated in the rural areas by farmers. The Lantern Festival also marks the end of the Chinese New Year season.
Qing Ming (Pure & Brignt in Chinese) (Fifth of the 24 Solar Terms)
Originally it was a celebration of spring. People used to customarily go out on an excursion to "tread grass". Later it became day dedicated to the dear departed. Tidying up ancestors" tombs is its major big event.
Duan Wu (Dragon Boat) Festival (5th of the 5th month)
Said to be in memory of a great patiot poet of the then State of Chu during the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), Qu Yuan (Ch"u Yuan), who drowned himself to protest his emperor who gave in to the bully State of Chin. For fear that fish may comsume his body, people of Chu threw launched their boats and started throwing rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves into the river where he was drowned to feed the fish. Now the big event of dragon boat contest may be a legacy of such activity. People today still eat the bamboo-leave rice dumplings on the occasion today.