Patterns on the walls of Jiarong Tibetan Area
The Jiarong Tibetan group is one branch of Tibetan Nationality. It enjoys a long and glorious history with a unique culture. Situated in Sichuan Province, Jiarong Tibetan Area is famous for its beautiful scenery, as well as its mysterious and unique culture.
Pattern is an important component in Tibetan Culture, and the patterns painted on the folk houses in the Jiarong Village are especially unique.
The folk houses function in many ways: they"re cool in the summer and warm in the winter. The main dwelling houses materials are stones and woods. The walls are piled up by stones, then polished glutinous rice and slaked lime is inserted in between. The inner side of the walls are made of joint planks and column caps.
Some of the patterns on the wall have religious significance. For instance, the Eight Auspicious Signs of Tibetan Buddhism including the Chinese knot is a sign praying for peace, happy and luck. Jingang Jue (Dorje Phurba) is a ritual tool in Tibetan Buddhism, which means fastness, sharpness and is able to destroy everything. It has such strong power that ghosts and devils are terrified by the sight of it. The house-owner has it on the walls, signifying his wish for an unbreakable house in face of disasters and jeopardy. The "氓聧聬" is very symbolic according to Tibetan Buddhism. As one of the Sakyamuni"s Thirty-Two images, it signifies the sun and flame. The sign also exists in Benjiao (Tibetan Buddhism), but in the opposite direction, and has the meaning of eternity, solidity and inexhaustibility. Success, prosperity and luck can also found in the sign. Furthermore, the faith of the house-owner can be inferred from this pattern: if he has the sign on his wall, he is sure to believe in Benjiao.
White stone worship
The white color is Jiarong Tibetans" favorite color. In fact, all the decorations seem dedicated to the affection of White. White means sanctity, beauty, mystery and sublimity. Each of the four corners of the roof are adorned with a white stone, which is highly regarded.
Jiarong Tibetan worship white stone. White yaks, white horses, white quartzes, white trumpet shells and white towers are all auspicious symbols and are regarded as totems. White is the color of snow mountains, which are mysterious, divine and awesome.
Praying for blessings
The patterns on the walls are rich in content, reflecting the culture of Jiarong Tibet. One part of Tibetan culture is to constantly learn from others. Tibetan Nationality stresses people"s inner world. They hope to get rid of all suffering and achieve happiness and peace. However, with the changing times and the outside world, they have also changed. Their religious beliefs, lifestyles, customs, songs, dance art, clothing, food have imperceptibly melted with the culture of other nationalities. There are new patterns painted on walls, for example: "Five-pointed Star"(芒藴鈥?, "Double Hapiness"(氓鈥郝?, "Rich"(氓炉艗) etc.
------------------- Chinese Knot and Dorje Phurba Chinese knot茂录藛in the middle茂录鈥癷s a sign praying for peace, happiness, and luck. Jingang Jue (Dorje Phurba) is a ritual tool in Tibetan Buddhism, which means fastness, sharpness and is able to destroy everything.
White Trumpet Shell Pattern In Tibet, White Trumpet Shell is divine, regarded as the symbol of the Bodhidharma"s constantly reverberate voice.
Wall inlaid with white stone Ngau Tau Kok It is said that Jiarong Tibetan ancestors came from a yak tribe