Zaozhuang belonged to the Chu State in the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-476BC). During the following dynasties, it was divided into several parts belonging to different states. In the Three Kingdom Period (220-280), it was combined and controlled by the Wei State. After 550, Zaozhuang was divided into two counties in the north and south which were finally called Tengxian and Yixian after the new Republic of China was established. In 1960, Yixian was changed into a county-level city Zaozhuang, which then became a prefecture-level city in 1961. Tengxian was turned over to Zaozhuang in 1978.
Zaozhuang is mainly covered with low mountains and hills. It is high in the north and east while low in the south and west. Several plains are among the hills. The west part along lakes and the south part along the Grand Canal are low and marshy ground.
Zaozhuang is the hometown of a famous Chinese philosopher Mozi of the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC). Mozi"s influential work "Mohist Canon" enlightened the following generations greatly. Zaozhuang is also a revolutionary base of Chinese Anti-Japanese War. It is where the railway guerilla was organized. Tai"erzhuang Battle in 1938 was an important turning point of Chinese Anti-Japanese War. In addition, Zaozhuang also boasts of its Chinese dates and megranates. It has the largest megranates orchard in China.