Tibet -Jokhang Temple Tour
Jokhang Temple is located at the center of the ancient city of Lhasa, first constructed in the seventh century (647A.D.) during the time of the Tubo King Strontsan Gampo. In order to promote friendly relationships with the neighboring countries, Strontsan Gampo married his first wife, Princess Tritsun (the sister of the Nepalese King Narendradeva) in 632(or 634) and his second wife, well-known Princess Wencheng from China in 641. When the two wives arrived in Tibet, each brought a statue of Jowo Sakyamuni. During that time, most people lived in tents and there were few palaces. To house the Buddha brought by Princess Wencheng, King Strontsan Gampo constructed the Little Jokhang. The original structure was small. However, large scale reconstruction and renovation took place during the reign of the Fifth Dalai Lama.
Jokhang Temple demonstrates a combination of the Han, Tibetan, Indian and Nepalese architectural styles, as well as a man-made world outlook of Buddhism. Facing to the west, Jokhang Temple has 4 floors, and the size of whole construction is about 25100 square meters. The Jokhang Temple was also listed by the state council as one unit of the important cultural relics to be specially protected. Surrounded by Barkhor Street, the Jokhang Temple is the spiritual center of Tibet, the Holy of Holies, the destination of millions of Tibetan pilgrims. There are hundreds of pious pilgrims every day performing body-length prostration in front of Jokhang Temple. When you are beside them, you can get a sense of the holiness and charm of Jokhang Temple for the local people. The most significant showpiece of Jokhang Temple is just the statue of the twelve-year-old Sakyamuni, brought in by Princess Wencheng from Chang"an (Now Xian) 1,300 years ago.
The statue of Sakyamuni at age 12 sits in the center of the hall on the first floor of Jokhang Temple. The statue had been small and thin at the very beginning, but after being gilded many times and decorated elaborately with typical jewels in Tibet by the followers, the size of the statue of the twelve-year-old Sakyamuni has become much larger than its original one. Jokhang Temple is not as big as other palaces in Tibet, but once you step inside the hall, you will be amazed by the exquisite Buddha figures. Each stature is so vivid that you will be filled with deep respect by the atmosphere at once.