History and Culture of Qingdao
Located beside the Jiaozhou Bay in the Yellow Sea, Qingdao is a picturesque coastal city and has been long known as "Pearl of the Yellow Sea" and "Oriental Switzerland". Endowed with beautiful landscapes and abundant cultural relics, Qingdao is a famous tourist city and a perfect summer resort. Human settlement on this soil dates back 6,000 years in the Neolithic Age. The Dongyi nationality, one of the important origins of the Chinese nation, lived here and created the Dawenkou and Laoshan cultures.
In addition to a long history, Qingdao is also granted with abundant historical sites and places of interest. Among them, the most famous are: the Ancient Cultural Relics of Sanlihe which dates back 5,000 years, Dongyue Cultural Relics, Langyatai, Tianhengdao Five-hundred Soldiers" Tomb, Mount Laoshan, Palace of Goddess of Heaven, Stone Statues of the Northern Dynasties. Zhanqiao Pier, Little Qingdao Isle, Eight Great Passes.
The recorded tourist activities of Qingdao date back to the inspection tours of emperors in the ancient times. It is recorded that during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.), Both Duke Huan and Duke Jing of the Qi State once paid a visit by boat to Langya (the present area around Langya Town of Jiaonan, Qingdao) and stayed there for several months forgetting to return. The latter once went by boat on a trip to Shaohai (the present Jiaozhou Bay). After unifying China in 221 BC, Ying Zheng, the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, among his five large-scale tours thrice climbed to the top of Mt. Langya in the present city of Jiaonan. Going office-hunting, business tour, pleasure trips by men of letters and roaming about of a Buddhist monk or a Taoist priest were for a time the features of the ancient tourism in Qingdao.
With the expansion of the city, Qingdao has gradually developed into a painted corridor at sea full of European charm.